STATUS AND EFFICACY OF SACRIFICE IN ANCIENT ISRAEL

STATUS AND EFFICACY OF SACRIFICE IN ANCIENT ISRAEL

Ogun Samson Sunday

Abstract
The paper discusses the efficacy of sacrifice in ancient Israel. It discusses the contribution of sacrifice to the well -being of humanity and society by examining how sacrifice has contributed immensely to restore, maintain and celebrate human friendship with deity. The methodology employed is secondary sources which consist of consultation of textbooks, magazine, journals, articles and other relevant material available The paper examines the following concepts: Meaning of Sacrifice; History of the ancient Israel; Origin and theology of sacrifice in ancient purpose, significance and efficacy of sacrifice in ancient Israel.

Full Text: STATUS AND EFFICACY

Social Responsibility and Brand Performance of Tier One Banks In Benin City

Social Responsibility and Brand Performance of Tier One Banks In Benin City
Augustine Idomeh,Braimah Mutana & Braimah Abdulrasheed

Abstract:

This study examined the effect of corporate social responsibility on the brand performance of deposit money banks in Benin City with emphasis on tier one banks. Therefore, the current tier one banks operating Benin, such as the United Bank for Africa, Zenith Bank, Access Bank, Guaranteed Trust Bank and First Bank Plc constituted the focus of this study, considering the huge size of their individual balance sheet. This study was necessitated following the persistent application of social responsibility transmission tools to influence brand performance by many deposit money banks in Nigeria. The result of the study showed that on a general note, a significant relationship does exist between social responsibility and brand performance of the banks as all the variables studied proved to be significantly related. However, recommendations were made to further strengthen the effect of social responsibility on brand performance of the banks. Among such recommendations include deepening social responsibility by extending it to the unbanked public and areas outside the banks operational base. Similarly, there was the need for the banks to extend social responsibility to their staff as they say charity begins at home. This would go a long way to encourage the staff to put their best at work, among others.

Keywords: Social Responsibility; Effect; Brand Performance; Deposit Money Banks; Tier one Banks; Benin City

Full Text: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND BRAND PERFORMANCE

Students-Led Discussion Learning Strategies, Verbal Ability and Students’ Attitude to Literature-In-English

Students-Led Discussion Learning Strategies, Verbal Ability and Students’ Attitude to Literature-In-English
Mary Chizoma Okere

Abstract

This study examined the effects of two students-led discussion learning strategies (story mapping and Socratic circles) and the conventional method (control) on students’ attitude to Literature-in-English.  The moderating effect of students’ verbal ability was also examined using a pre-test, post-test control quasi experimental research design with a sample of two hundred and forty three senior secondary school Literature-in-English students selected from six government owned secondary schools in Owerri.  Two instruments were used to collect data and two hypotheses were tested.  Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance while the Estimated Marginal Means (EMM) was used to determine the group with the highest mean score. The result indicated that there was significant main effect of treatment on students’ attitude to Literature-in-English (F(2,215) = 3.31;  = 0.03).  The Socratic circles group had higher posttest mean attitude score (= 56.76) when compared to control and story mapping groups respectively.  There was no significant main effect of verbal ability on students’ attitude to Literature-in-English.  From the findings of this study, it was recommended that Literature-in-English teachers should adopt students-led discussion strategies to enhance students’ attitude towards the subject and that teachers should operate without prejudice to students’ verbal ability level in accomplishing their pedagogical tasks.  Whether a student is of low, average or high verbal ability level, students must be given equal opportunity to participate in classroom activities.

Keywords: Discussion learning strategy, Verbal ability, Attitude, Literature-in-English

Full Text: STUDENT-LED DISCUSSION LEARNING STRATEGY

EUROPEAN AND AFRICAN UNION RELATIONS: A CATALYST FOR PROMOTING ECONOMIC INTEGRATION IN AFRICA

Abstract

This paper examines the prospects of promoting regional economic integration in Africa leveraging on EU’s commitment to support the initiative. The paper appraises some of the pondering issues on promoting regional economic integration on the continent: Will the AU succeed in integrating African economies? Can the EU form of integration be suitable for Africa? Will inter-regional trade (through EPAs) with the EU undermine regional cooperation amongst the African countries? Will these initiatives help in reducing fragmentation of African countries in the world economy? It has become necessary to design and implement an African model of integration that correlates to the challenges and realities on the continent and perhaps the metamorphosis of the OAU to the AU and the establishment of  NEPAD are a positive response to this necessity. The inclusion of other societal forces beyond government officials i.e. civil society and NGOs, politicians, but also of parliamentary representatives, think tanks and the private sector could be crucial in determining the policy direction of regional integration on the continent. The political willingness and commitment to regional economic integration therefore need to be fully reinforced by Africa’s leaders, who should cash on the existing initiatives and relationships established over the years with the EU towards regional economic integration.

Full Text: EUROPEAN AND AFRICAN UNION RELATIONS A CATALYST FOR PROMOTING ECONOMIC INTEGRATION IN AFRICA

DECENTRALIZATION AS A DEVICE FOR CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN A HETEROGENEOUS STATE CASE OF CAMEROON, A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

DECENTRALIZATION AS A DEVICE FOR CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN A HETEROGENEOUS STATE CASE OF CAMEROON, A PROSPECTIVE STUDY.

KAZETINDO NARCISSE SATURNIN Ph.D
Research Fellow, The University of Yaounde 1-Cameroon

Abstract

Based on secondary data in the form of published books, papers, journals, reports and a critical analyses of primary sources in the form of interviews, newspaper, radio and television debates this article addresses the decentralization policy not only as a form of political organization and management of a state, but it attempts to prospective theoretical hypotheses regarding decentralization as an effective instrument for conflict management and prevention especially in a complex state with numerous ethnic groups and a dual colonial identity cohabiting side by side. While many decentralization experts assume that context make a significant difference, the empirical analysis points to very similar that decentralization affects the conflict proneness of ethnic groups in a society. Those who stress the pacific effect of autonomy build directly on decentralization as a way to resolve conflicts over public goods provision by taking into account heterogeneous preferences among regions in a country. By improving policy responsiveness to as many people as possible, grievances can be avoided and peaceful avenues for political change provided to potential secessionists. Thus, this paper sustains that the policy of decentralization not only is an efficient instrument for conflict management, but it could prevent conflict in the long run and contribute towards an equitable distribution of wealth and balance development.

Keywords: Keywords: Decentralization, conflict Resolution, ethnic groups

Full Article: 2Decentralization real2020

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Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (TJMR) is a multidisciplinary peer reviewed, international journal. TJMR is digital platform for cross fertilization of ideas and an avenue for dissemination of cutting edge knowledge and innovations in broad spectrum of scientific fields. We also aim to promote rapid communication and exchange between scholars, research institutions and the end users across the globe.

Open Access Statement

TJMR is a completely open access journal, ensuring that all papers are instantly accessible to all users online upon publication. There is no submission or subscription fees.  As an open access journal, users worldwide are free to read, download, copy, distribute and print the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, at no cost and  without permission from the publisher or the author. This is in line with the basic tenants of open access.

Copyright of the layout and design of TJMR articles remains with the publishers and cannot be used in other publications.

Benefits of open access for authors include:

  • Authors retain copyright to their work
  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No article submission fee
  • No subscription fee

Peer review process

Once a manuscript is received our editorial team will review it to checks if the article meets the prescribed criteria and the scope of the journal. If these criteria are met, the editors will then assign the article to two external peer reviewers through the “double blind peer review” mechanism. In any case of disagreement, a third peer reviewer will be requested to review the article.

Once the article has been reviewed, each external reviewer submits an assessment report in which he / she recommends that the article be accepted, that changes and improvements be made or that the manuscript be rejected. The decision is sent to the author / s at this point. If the peer reviewer wants the author / s to make minor or significant improvements, a new version of the work must be submitted containing all the suggestions. The editorial team will evaluate the revised version of the manuscript onthe basis of the initial assessments made in the reports referred to above.

The peer reviewers play a central role in ensuring the quality and integrity of the journal. The peer review process primarily depends on the academic community’s support and voluntary engagement, and needs all those involved to behave professionally and ethically.

Responsibility: Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research will not be responsible for the ideas and opinions expressed in any published works. The author/s bear full responsibility for the ideas and opinions expressed in their published works

ISSN: 2672-5371

  • Journal Title: Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
  • Journal Acronym: TJMR
  • Publisher:  Transatlantic Publishing Services
  • Publication Coverage: International
  • Format: Print and Online
  • Frequency: 4 times per year
  • Review Duration: 30-60 Days
  • Open Access: Yes
  • Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial licence (CC-BY-NC)
  • Language: English
  • Scope: Multidisciplinary Research
  • Type of Journal: Academic/Scholarly Journal
  • Review: Blind Peer-Reviewed

 

Home

Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (TJMR) is a multidisciplinary peer reviewed, international journal. TJMR is digital platform for cross fertilization of ideas and an avenue for dissemination of cutting edge knowledge and innovations in broad spectrum of scientific fields. We also aim to promote rapid communication and exchange between scholars, research institutions and the end users across the globe.


Open Access Statement

TJMR is a completely open access journal, ensuring that all papers are instantly accessible to all users online upon publication. There is no submission or subscription fees.  As an open access journal, users worldwide are free to read, download, copy, distribute and print the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, at no cost and  without permission from the publisher or the author. This is in line with the basic tenants of open access.

Copyright of the layout and design of TJMR articles remains with the publishers and cannot be used in other publications.


Benefits of open access for authors include:

  • Authors retain copyright to their work
  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No article submission fee
  • No subscription fee

Peer review process

Once a manuscript is received our editorial team will review it to checks if the article meets the prescribed criteria and the scope of the journal. If these criteria are met, the editors will then assign the article to two external peer reviewers through the “double blind peer review” mechanism. In any case of disagreement, a third peer reviewer will be requested to review the article.

Once the article has been reviewed, each external reviewer submits an assessment report in which he / she recommends that the article be accepted, that changes and improvements be made or that the manuscript be rejected. The decision is sent to the author / s at this point. If the peer reviewer wants the author / s to make minor or significant improvements, a new version of the work must be submitted containing all the suggestions. The editorial team will evaluate the revised version of the manuscript on the basis of the initial assessments made in the reports referred to above.

The peer reviewers play a central role in ensuring the quality and integrity of the journal. The peer review process primarily depends on the academic community’s support and voluntary engagement, and needs all those involved to behave professionally and ethically.

Responsibility: Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research will not be responsible for the ideas and opinions expressed in any published works. The author/s bear full responsibility for the ideas and opinions expressed in their published works

ISSN: 2672-5371

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About the Journal

Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (TJMR) is a multidisciplinary peer reviewed, international journal. TJMR is digital platform for cross fertilization of ideas and an avenue for dissemination of cutting edge knowledge and innovations in broad spectrum of scientific fields. We also aim to promote rapid communication and exchange between scholars, research institutions and the end users across the globe.

Open Access Statement

TJMR is a completely open access journal, ensuring that all papers are instantly accessible to all users online upon publication. There is no submission or subscription fees.  As an open access journal, users worldwide are free to read, download, copy, distribute and print the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, at no cost and  without permission from the publisher or the author. This is in line with the basic tenants of open access.

Copyright of the layout and design of TJMR articles remains with the publishers and cannot be used in other publications.

Benefits of open access for authors include:

  • Authors retain copyright to their work
  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No article submission fee
  • No subscription fee

Peer review process

Once a manuscript is received our editorial team will review it to checks if the article meets the prescribed criteria and the scope of the journal. If these criteria are met, the editors will then assign the article to two external peer reviewers through the “double blind peer review” mechanism. In any case of disagreement, a third peer reviewer will be requested to review the article.

Once the article has been reviewed, each external reviewer submits an assessment report in which he / she recommends that the article be accepted, that changes and improvements be made or that the manuscript be rejected. The decision is sent to the author / s at this point. If the peer reviewer wants the author / s to make minor or significant improvements, a new version of the work must be submitted containing all the suggestions. The editorial team will evaluate the revised version of the manuscript onthe basis of the initial assessments made in the reports referred to above.

The peer reviewers play a central role in ensuring the quality and integrity of the journal. The peer review process primarily depends on the academic community’s support and voluntary engagement, and needs all those involved to behave professionally and ethically.

Responsibility: Transatlantic Journal of Multidisciplinary Research will not be responsible for the ideas and opinions expressed in any published works. The author/s bear full responsibility for the ideas and opinions expressed in their published works

ISSN: 2672-5371